Балтийский регион
Baltic Region
ISSN: 2079-8555 (Print)
ISSN: 2310-0524 (Online)
Economy of the Kaliningrad Region
Pages 83-95

Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region



The economy of the Kaliningrad exclave is not sufficiently stable and is heavily affected by external factors. This work aims to estimate the current economic situation in the region and explore possible ways to increase the stability of regional economy. The study employs economic statistical methods and identifies factors affecting regional development. The author analyses the dependence of the manufacturing industry on customs and tax privileges under the law On the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad region and federal programmes supporting the development of manufacturing and social infrastructure. The article stresses that the abolition of customs privileges in 2016 will result in a significant reduction in industrial output, since a lot of production is heavily dependent on imported raw materials and components. It is expected that the companies enjoying customs privileges to produce goods for the national market will receive government support for reequipment. Effective use of the allocated funds would require setting up a regional programme identifying priority areas of regional economic development thus ensuring economic stability. There is also a need to support companies ensuring the economic — including food — security of the region.

1. Analiz hozjajstvujushhih sub#ektov i opredelenie trebovanij k ih jekonomicheskim harakteristikam na osnove balansovoj modeli razvitija regiona dlja formirovanija
mehanizmov podderzhki s cel'ju narashhivanija konkurentosposobnosti jekonomiki Kaliningradskoj oblasti [Analysis of the economic entities and determining the requirements for their economic performance, based on the balance of regional development models for the formation of the support mechanisms for the purpose of increasing
competitiveness of the economy of the Kaliningrad region], 2014, Report on research work, Moscow, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics.
2. Gareev, T. R. 2010, Regional'nyj institucionalizm: terra incognita ili terra ficta? [Regional institutionalism: terra incognita or terra ficta?], Zhurnal institucional'nyh
issledovanij [Journal of Institutional Research], Vol. 2, no. 2, p. 27—37
3. Gareev, T. R., Yeliseeva N. A. 2014, Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone, Balt.
Reg., no. 1, p. 54—68. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-5.
4. Gareev, T. R., Zhdanov, V. P., Fedorov, G. M. 2005, Novaja jekonomika Kaliningradskoj oblasti [The new economy of the Kaliningrad region], Voprosy jekonomiki
[Problems of Economics], no. 2, p. 23—39.
5. Gareev, T. R., Fedorov, G. M. 2005, Pljusy i minusy rezhima Osoboj jekonomicheskoj zony [Pros and cons of the Special Economic Zone], Kosmopolis, no. 3 (13), p. 83—89.
6. Gimbitsky K. K., Kuznetsova A. L., Fedorov G. M. 2014, The development of Kaliningrad regional economy: A new stage of restructuring, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 41—53. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-4.
7. Samson, I. (ed.), 2000, Kaliningradskij region 2010: potencial, koncepcii i perspektivy [Kaliningrad Region 2010: the potential of the concept and perspectives],
Grenoble, Kaliningrad, Moscow, Tasit Prometheus II, 343 p.
8. Klemeshev, A. 2011, A comparative assessment of the innovation potential of the Baltic Sea region countries, Balt. Reg., no. 2, p. 43—48. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2011-2-5.
9. Koncepcija dolgosrochnogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2020 goda [The concept of long-term socio-economic development
of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020], 2009, Russian Ministry of Economic Development, available at: http://economy.gov.ru/minec/activity/
sections/fcp/rasp_2008_N1662_red_08.08.2009# (accessed 06.01.2015).
10. Kuzmin, D. I., Sokolovsky, А. А. 2012, Konkurentosposobnost' regiona i ee faktory (na primere Krasnojarskogo kraja) [The competitiveness of the region and its factors (for example, the Krasnoyarsk Territory)], Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tomsk State University], no. 356, p. 135—139.
11. Mingaleva, Zh. А., Gershanok, G. А. 2012, Ustojchivoe razvitie regiona: innovacii, jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost', konkurentosposobnost' [Sustainable development
of the region: innovation, economic security, competitiveness], Jekonomika regiona [The region's economy], no. 3, p. 68—77.
12. Voloshenko, K. Yu., Gimbitsky, K. K., Kuznetsova, A. L., Fedorov, G. M. 2015, Modelirovanie regional'noj sistemy dolgosrochnoj ustojchivosti Kaliningradskoj oblasti [Modelling of long-term sustainability of the regional system of the Kaliningrad region], Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University Publishing.
13.Modernizacija jekonomiki. Gosudarstvennaja programma Kaliningradskoj oblasti [Modernization of the economy. The State Programme of the Kaliningrad region], 2014, Resolution of the Government of the Kaliningrad region of 28.04.2014 № 262.
14. Nezhivenko, Ye. А., Novikova, I. A. 2013, Klassifikacija faktorov konkurentosposobnosti regiona [Classification of factors of regional competitiveness], Fundamental'nye
issledovanija [Fundamental research], no. 11, p. 1397—1401
15.Ob Osoboj jekonomicheskoj zone v Kaliningradskoj oblasti [On the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad Region], 1996, Federal Law of January 22, 1996
№ 13-FZ, Rossijskaja gazeta, 30 January.
16.Ob Osoboj jekonomicheskoj zone v Kaliningradskoj oblasti [On the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad Region], 2006, Federal Law of January 10, 2006
№ 16-FZ, Rossijskaja gazeta, 30 January. Rossijskaja gazeta, 19January.
17. Pechatkin, V. V., Perfilov, V. A. 2010, Teoreticheskie i metodicheskie aspekty ocenki konkurentosposobnosti regionov Rossii [Theoretical and methodological
aspects of the evaluation of the competitiveness of the regions of Russia], Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economics], no. 3, p. 285—290.
18. Prognoz dolgosrochnogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2030 goda [Forecast of long-term socio-economic development
of the Russian Federation for the period till 2030], 2006, Russian Ministry of Economic Development, available at: http://economy.gov.ru/minec/activity/sections/
macro/prognoz/doc20130325_06 (accessed 06.01.2015).
19. Social'no-jekonomicheskoe razvitie Kaliningradskoj oblasti do 2020 goda. Gosudarstvennaja programma Rossijskoj Federacii [Socio-economic development of
the Kaliningrad region until 2020. State program of the Russian Federation], 2014, Government Decree of April 15, 2014 № 311, Portal gosudarstvennyh programm RF
[Portal of the state programs of the Russian Federation], available at:http://programs.gov.ru/Portal/programs/passport/37 (accessed 06.01.2015).
20. Klemeshev, АP., Mau, V. А. 2007, Strategii razvitija Kaliningradskoj oblasti [Strategy for the Development of the Kaliningrad Region], Kaliningrad, 472 p.
21. Scenarnyj prognoz formirovanija i ispol'zovanija trudovyh resursov Kaliningradskoj oblasti s uchetom sravnitel'noj jekonomicheskoj jeffektivnosti razlichnyh
variantov razvitija regiona po prioritetnym vidam jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti [Scenario forecast of formation and use of labor resources of the Kaliningrad region, taking into account the relative cost-effectiveness of different options for the development of the region in priority economic activities], 2014, Report on research work, Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.
22. Federal'naja celevaja programma razvitija Kaliningradskoj oblasti na period do 2020 goda [The federal target program for the development of the Kaliningrad
region for the period till 2020], 2001, Government Decree of December 7th, 2001 № 866, available at: http://base.garant.ru/1587100/ (accessed 04.01.2015).
23. Fedorov G. 2010, The Kaliningrad dilemma: a 'development corridor' or a 'double periphery'? The geopolitical factor of the development of the Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea, Balt. Reg., no. 2, p. 4—12. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2010-2-1.
24. Shastitko A. 2009, Competitiveness of the region: content, factors, policies, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 10—25. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2009-1-2.
25. Boschma, R. 2004, Competitiveness of Regions from an Evolutionary Perspective, Regional Studies, no. 38 (9), p. 1001—1014.
26. Capello, R. 2009, Territorial capital and regional development. In: Capello, R., Nijkamp, P. Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories, Cheltenham,
Edward Elgar Publishing, p. 118—133.
27. Cheshire, P. C., Gordon, I. R. 1996, Territorial Competition and the Predictability of Collective (In)Action, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research,
no. 20(3), p. 383—399.
28. Colletis, G., Pecqueur, B. 1994, Les facteurs de la concurrence spatiale et la construction des territoires. In: Garafoli, G., Vasquez Barquero, A. (eds), Organization
of Production and Territory: Local Models of Dévelopment, Pavia, Gianni Iuculano Editore.
29. Eskelinen, H., Hannibalsson, I., Malmberg, A., Maskell, P., Vatne, E. 1998, Competitiveness, Localised Learning and Regional Development: Specialisation and
Prosperity in Small Open Economies, Routledge, London, 256 p.
30. Karlsson, C., Rouchy, P. 2015, Regional Economic Development, Social Capital and Governance: A Buchanian Approach, CESIS Electronic Working Paper Series, no. 390, 38 p.
31. Wilson, J. 2008, Territorial competitiveness and development policy, Orkestra, Basque Institute of Competitiveness, Basque Country, Spain, 31 p.
The article