Балтийский регион
Baltic Region
ISSN: 2079-8555 (Print)
ISSN: 2310-0524 (Online)
International Relations
Pages 13-20

Lithuania's Lonely Leadership 2.0.



The article scrutinizes Lithuanian foreign policy within the framework of the regional leadership concept first introduced in the early 2000s. The reasons of failure of the first leadership attempt in 2004—2008 are analyzed, as are the reasons behind the revival of the concept in 2010 and onwards. While the overall economy seems to be on the mend and the relationships with the adjacent countries (Poland, mostly) are improving, Lithuanian leadership, argues the author, is still very much a subcontract one: it follows the model of “export democracy”, has a narrow agenda and is implicitly geared towards curtailing the influence of its eastern neighbor. The escalation of violence and further development of social and economic crisis in Ukrane make a European-style reform (where Lithuania is a selfproclaimed expert) even less relevant, and confrontational rhetoric towards Russia may lead to economic losses and contribute to rising political tension in the region.

1. Brunalas, B. 2011, Liderstvo Litvy v regione: vozmozhnosti malen'kih stran ES [Leadership of Lithuania in the region maybe a little EU], available at: http://www.geopolitika. lt/?artc=4751 (accessed 02.02.2015).
2. Gorlin, B. 2014, «Baltijskij SPG» poluchit finansirovanie ["Baltic LNG" will receive funding], Kommersant SPb, 21 November.
3. Jurkinas, M., 2010, Has Lithuanian Foreign Policy Become Personalised? Diplomaatia, no. 80, available at: http://www.diplomaatia.ee/en/article/has-lithuanianforeign-policy-become-personalised/ (accessed 01.03.2015).
4. Kardas, Sz. 2014, The Tug of War. Russia’s Response to Changes on the European Gas Market, Warsaw, 54 p.
5. Nekrašas, E. 2009, Kritiniai nepamasttymai apie Lietuvos užsienio politika, Politologija, no. 2, p. 123—142.
6. Polish Foreign Minister says Lithuania cannot have both LNG terminal and gas pipeline to Poland, 2013, European Dialogue, 6 March, available at: http://www.eurodialogue.eu/energy-security/Polish-Foreign-Minister-says-Lithuania-cannot-have-both-LNG-terminal-and-gas-pipeline-to%20-Poland (accessed 01.03.2015).
7. Samoškaitė, E. 2009, D. Grybauskaitė: šiandien Lietuvos lyderystė įsikalbėta, DELFI. lt, 11 May, available at: http://www.delfi.lt/archive/dgrybauskaite-siandienlietuvos-lyderyste-isikalbeta-atnaujinta.d?id=22076134 (accessed 05.03.2015).
8. Światłowski B. 2015, Andrius Krivas: Lithuania does not stand alone, Visegrad+Forum for Visegrad+ Studies. 25 Janiary, available at:http://visegradplus.org/opinion/andrius-krivas-lithuania-not-stand-alone/ (accessed 01.03.2015).
9. Šešelgyte, M. 2013, The First Leadership Test: What to Expect from the Lithuanian Presidency of the EU, European Policy Analysis, no. 13, 16 p.
10. Šešioliktos vyrausybes 2012—2016 metu programa, 2012, Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo Kanceliarija, available at: http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=439761 (accessed 26.02.2015).
The article